HOST LISTS AND KEYS FOR EACH PLANT GENUS

(in alphabetical order)

 

 

 

 

Met-Nys

 

Metaplexis

Metasequoia

Metastelma

Metrosideros

Metroxylon

Meum

Michauxia

Michelia

Micranthes

Microcitrus

Microcos

Microdesmis

Microglossa

Microgramma

Microlepia

Micromeria

Micropsis

Microseris

Microsorum

Microstegium

Microtropis

Mikania

Milium

Millettia

Miltonidium

Mimosa

Mimulus

Mimusops

Mindium

Minuartia

Mirabilis

Miscanthus

Mitella

Mitracarpus

Mnesithea

Mnium

Modiola

Moehringia

Moghania

Mohria

Molineria

Molinia

Mollugo

Molopospermum

Molucella

Momordica

Monarda

Monardella

Mondia

Moneses

Monnina

Monochoria

Monotes

Montanoa

Montbretia

Montezuma

Montia

Moraea

Morella

Moricandia

Morina

Morinda

Moringa

Morrenia

Morus

Mosla

“Mosses”

Mozartia

Mucuna

Muehlenbeckia

Muehlenbergia

Mukdenia

Mukia

Mulgedium

Mulinum

Mundulea

Muntingia

Murdannia

Muretia

Murraya

Musa

Muscari

Musineon

Mussaenda

Musschia

Myagrum

Mycelis

Myoporum

Myosotis

Myosoton

Myosurus

Myrcia

Myrciaria

Myriactis

Myriandra

Myrica

Myricaria

Myriocephalus

Myriophyllum

Myriopteron

Myrrhis

Myrrhoides

Myrsine

Myrtus

 

Nabalus

Najas

Nama

Nandina

Narcissus

Nardus

Nassella

Nasturtium

Nauclea

Naumbergia

Nectandra

Neea

Neillia

Nelsonia

Nelumbo

Nematanthus

Nemesia

Nemophila

Neolamarckia

Neolitsea

Neomolinia

Neonotonia

Neopallasia

Neopieris

Neottia

Neourbania

Nepeta

Nephelium

Nephrodium

Nephrolepis

Nerium

Neslia

Neurada

Neurolaena

Neyraudia

Nicandra

Nicolaia

Nicotiana

Nidorella

Nigella

Nipa

Nipponanthemum

Nitraria

Nivellea

Noccaea

Noltea

Nonea

Nopalxochia

Nothofagus

Notholcus

Notobasis

Notonia

Notoniopsis

Nummularia

Nuphar

Nuttallanthus

Nuxia

Nymphaea

Nymphoides

Nypa

Nyssa

 

Metaplexis                                                   Apocynaceae

      Metaplexis japonica                      Aphis [glycines], nerii

       M. stauntoni                                  [Aphis sp. (Davletshina 1964)]

 

Metasequoia                                                          Taxodiaceae

      Metasequoia glyptostroboides       Illinoia morrisoni
 

Metastelma                                                  Apocynaceae

      Metastelma anegadense               Aphis nerii

 

Metrosideros                                                         Myrtaceae

      Metrosideros excelsa                     Aphis gossypii; Myzus ornatus                                         

       M.  lucida = M. umbellata

       M. umbellata                                 [Aphis sp. (Leonard, 1972)]; Greenidea psidii;

                                                             Myzus persicae

 

-      SIPH with numerous long hairs                                                  .....Greenidea psidii

-      SIPH without hairs                                             .....go to key to polyphagous aphids



Metroxylon                                                            Arecaceae

      Metroxylon sagu                           Cerataphis brasiliensis

(for a key to palm aphids see under Calamus)

 

Meum                                                          Apiaceae

      Meum athamanticum                  Aphis fabae ; Brachycaudus helichrysi;

                                                              Cavariella aegopodii, konoi, theobaldi; Myzus ornatus

Key to apterae on Meum:-

-       ABD TERG 8 with a backwardly-directed finger-like process above cauda

                                               …..Cavariella spp.; use couplets 2-14 of key to apterae on Angelica

-       No supracaudal process                                                   …..go to key to polyphagous aphids

 

Michauxia                                                   Campanulaceae

      Michauxia campanuloides          Aphis solanella

        M. laevigata                                  [Uroleucon sp.]

 

Michelia                                                                  Magnoliaceae

      Michelia alba                          Formosaphis micheliae

      M. champaca (= Magnolia champaca)

      M. compressa (= Magnolia compressa)

      Michelia (or Magnolia?) sp(p).     [Aiceona titabarensis];

                                                              Aphis aurantii, fabae, gossypii, nasturtii, spiraecola;

                                                              Myzus persicae; [Prociphilus osmanthae];
                                                      Sinomegoura citricola

Use key to aphids on Magnolia.

 

 

Micranthes                                                  Saxifragaceae

      Micranthes careyana                    Aulacorthum solani; Nasonovia carolinensis

Use key to apterae on Saxifraga.

 

Microcitrus                                                  Rutaceae

        Microcitrus australis                     Aphis gossypii; Myzus persicae

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Microcos                                                                                 Tiliaceae

       Microcos paniculata                      Cervaphis schouteniae

 

 

Microdesmis                                                                         Pandaceae

       Microdesmis caseariifolia             Greenidea sp. 1 of Q. Liu et al. (2013)

 

 

Microglossa                                                 Compositae

      Microglossa pyrifolia                    Aphis gossypii; Aulacorthum solani

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Microgramma                                             Polypodiaceae

     Microgramma lycopodioides          Idiopterus nephrelepidis

      M. piloselloides                               Idiopterus nephrelepidis

(or try key to fern-feeding aphids under Polypodium)

 

Microlepia                                                   Dennstaedtiaceae

        Microlepia marginata                   Macromyzus woodwardiae

        M. platyphylla                               Idiopterus nephrelepidis

        M. speluncae var. pyramidata      Idiopterus nephrelepidis

Use key to apterae on ferns under Polypodium.

 

Micromeria (including Satureja)                                 Lamiaceae

      Micromeria graeca                  [Aphis sp.(p) (Cocuzza et al. 2014)]

      M. graeca ssp. consentina          Aphis serpylli

        M. varia                                Aphis brunellae (?)

Key to apterae on Micromeria:-

[Both the species named are small aphids (BL 1.0-1.6 mm) of the taxonomically difficult A. frangulae group normally associated with species in other genera of Lamiaceae. It is possible that the records from Micromeria are of (an)other undescribed species.]

-       Cauda pale. Total rostrum length (from base of protractor apodeme) 0.32-0.41 mm. ANT PT/BASE 2.0-3.2. SIPH 0.9-1.9 Χ cauda                                                  …..Aphis brunellae

-       Cauda dark. Total rostrum length 0.24-0.33 mm. ANT PT/BASE 1.4-2.5.

        SIPH 0.5-1.3 Χ cauda                                                                                    …..Aphis serpylli

 

Micropsis                                                     Compositae

        Micropsis discolor (?)                    Sinomegoura citricola (Raychaudhuri 1984: 103)

 

Microseris                                                   Compositae

      Microseris autumnalis (?)             Uroleucon picridis

          (= Leontodon autumnalis?)

 

Microsorum                                                 Polypodiaceae

      Microsorum sp.                            Micromyzus katoi

 

Microstegium (including Psilopogon)                         Poaceae

      Microstegium ciliatum                  Baizongia pistaciae; Ceratovacuna panici

      M. crispulum (?)                           Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominale

        M. nudum                                     [Ceratovacuna sp. B of Takahashi 1958 (= lanigerum?)]

        M. vimineum                                [Astegopteryx styracophila]; Brachysiphoniella montana;

                                                              Ceratovacuna nekoashi group; Kaochiaoja arthraxonis;

                                                              Sitobion akebiae, kamtshaticum, [rosaeiformis]

Use keys to apterae of grass-feeding aphids under Digitaria.

 

Microtropis                                                  Celastraceae

     Microtropis discolor                        Sinomegoura citricola

 

Mikania                                                       Compositae                  

        Mikania alba                                 Aphis aurantii, spiraecola

        M. cordata                                     Aphis spiraecola

        M. cordifolia                                 Aphis aurantii, gossypii, spiraecola;

                                                              Neomyzus circumflexus

        M. guaco                                       Aphis spiraecola

        M. hastata                                     Myzus persicae

        M. micrantha                                Aphis aurantii, coreopsidis, craccivora, gossypii,

                                                                   spiraecola;

                                                              Aulacorthum solani; Brachycaudus helichrysi;

                                                              Macrosiphum euphorbiae; Neomyzus circumflexus;

                                                              Pseudomegoura nipponica; Rhopalosiphum padi;

                                                              Uroleucon ambrosiae

        M. ranunculifolia                         Aphis (Toxoptera) aurantii; Aulacorthum solani;

                                                              Neomyzus circumflexus; Uroleucon ambrosiae

        M. scandens                                  Aleurodaphis [blumeae], mikaniae;

                                                              Aphis gossypii, spiraecola;

                                                              Brachycaudus helichrysi; Myzus persicae

Key to apterae on Mikania:-

1      Body elongate oval, sclerotic dorsally, with a crenulate margin due to a continuous fringe of wax glands. SIPH as pores with raised rims. Cauda knobbed, anal plate bilobed

…..Aleurodaphis mikaniae

-       Body oval or spindle-shaped, BL usually more than 1.5 mm, without a marginal fringe of wax glands. SIPH tubular. Cauda tongue- or finger-shaped, anal plate entire                 …..2

2      Head, ANT I, II and basal part of III very pale, contrasting with dark rest of ANT. SIPH dark, 0.24-0.40 Χ BL, about twice as long as the much paler cauda      .….Aphis coreopsidis

-       Head and antennae differently pigmented. SIPH and cauda pale or dark                  …..3

3      Head dark and densely spiculose at least on ventral surface, with well-developed, steep-sided ANT tubercles. SIPH dark, and femora mainly dark              ….. Pseudomegoura nipponica

-       Without that combination of characters                          …..go to key to polyphagous aphids

     

Milium                                                         Poaceae

      Milium effusum                          Forda formicaria; Metopolophium dirhodum;

                                                            Rhopalosiphum padi; Sitobion avenae, fragariae

       M. schmidtianum                       Sitobion avenae

       M. vernale                                   Anoecia corni; Sitobion avenae; Tetraneura caerulescens

Use key to apterae of grass-feeding aphids under Digitaria.

     

Millettia                                                       Leguminosae

        Millettia duria                               Aphis gossypii

        M. eetveldeana                              Aphis craccivora; Pterasthenia matileae

        M. japonica                                   Aphis craccivora

        M. reticulata                                  Aulacophoroides formosana

                    (= Callerya reticulata)

        M. thonningii                                Aphis craccivora

        Millettia spp.                                 Acyrthosiphon pisum; Aulacophoroides millettiae;

                                                              Pterasthenia shiraensis

Key to apterae on Millettia:-

1      All viviparae alate, with knobbed cauda and bilobed anal plate                                        .....2

-       Viviparae in colonies often mostly apterous; cauda tongue-like or finger-like, anal plate entire

.....3

2      Media of forewing unbranched. ANT IV and V pale except sometimes at apices. Hind tibiae pale                                                                                                 …..Pterasthenia shiraensis

 -      Media of forewing once branched. ANT uniformly  dark. Hind tibiae dark

….. Pterasthenia matileae

3      Frons with antennal tubercles weakly developed.  ABD TERG 1 and 7 with marginal tubercles (MTu)                                                                                                                  .....4

-       Antennal tubercles well developed, divergent. ABD TERG 1 and 7 without MTu         .....5

4      Dorsal abdomen of aptera with a large black sclerotic patch. Cauda dark like SIPH             

.....Aphis craccivora

-       Dorsal abdomen pale in cleared specimens. Cauda paler than SIPH            .....Aphis gossypii

5      SIPH pale, attenuate, much thinner than cauda, with pale bases. Head and femora mainly pale

.....Acyrthosiphon pisum 

-       SIPH black, as thick as cauda and swollen in middle, arising from large dark sclerites. Head and distal parts of femora dark                                                                                          .....6

6      SIPH 2.1-2.3 Χ cauda. Cauda 1.7-1.8 Χ its basal width. Dorsal abdomen without broad cross-bands                                                                              .....Aulacophoroides formosana

-       SIPH 2.9-3.7 Χ cauda. Cauda 1.1-1.4 Χ its basal width. Dorsal abdomen with broad

        cross-bands                                                                                .....Aulacophoroides millettiae

 

ΧMiltonidium (Miltonia Χ Oncidium)                   Orchidaceae

      ΧMiltonidium hybridum              Aulacorthum solani                                                

 

Mimosa                                                         Leguminosae

      Mimosa nigra                                Aphis gossypii

      M. pigra                                [Macrosiphum salviae]

      M.  pudica                                     Aphis aurantii, craccivora, gossypii, odinae;

                                                              Myzus ornatus; Sitobion mimosae, takahashii

      M. villosa                                       [Hysteroneura setariae]

      Mimosa sp.                                    Anomalosiphum indigoferae

 

Key to aphids on Mimosa:-

1      SIPH with a subapical ring of hairs with expanded apices. ABD TERG 8 with hair-bearing backwardly directed processes                                      .....Anomalosiphum indigoferae

-       SIPH without hairs. ABD TERG 8 without hair-bearing processes                           .....2

2      SIPH with subapical polygonal reticulation     .....Sitobion mimosae (or takahashii - see text)

-       SIPH without polygonal reticulation                         .....go to key to polyphagous aphids

 

 

Mimulus                                                      Phrymaceae

      Mimulus aurantiacus                   Aphis costalis

      M. calycinus = M. longiflorus ssp. calycinus

      M. cardinalis                                 Macrosiphum euphorbiae; Nasonovia alpina

      M. floribundus                              Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae

        M. geyeri = M. glabratus ssp. geyeri

        M. glabratus (incl. vars                    Aphis mimuli

                               geyeri, jamesii)

        M. guttatus                                    Aphis costalis, [Aphis sp. (Leonard 1974)];

                                                              [Cavariella aegopodii]; Macrosiphum euphorbiae;

                                                              Myzodium mimulicola;

                                                              [Nasonovia sp. (Washington, USA; aphidtrek.org)]

        M. jamesii = M. glabratus ssp. jamesii

        M. lewisii                                       Nasonovia sp. (California: BMNH collection, leg.

                                                                   E.O. Essig)

        M. longiflorus ssp. calycinus        Aphis costalis

        M. luteus                                       Aulacorthum solani

        M. moschatus                               [Nasonovia cynosbati]

        M. ringens                                     Aphis mimuli

        Mimulus spp.                                Macrosiphum euphorbiae; Neomyzus circumflexus

Key to apterae on Mimulus:-

1      SIPH slightly swollen on distal part. ANT, legs, SIPH and cauda all mainly or entirely dark. Dorsal cuticle with a pattern of spicules arranged in polygons                                                

…..Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae

-       SIPH not swollen distally and/or other characters do not apply                                       …..2

2      Head nodulose with both median frontal tubercle and ANT tubercles well developed, so that front of head is W-shaped in dorsal view. Cauda with broad basal part and distinctly narrower distal part                                                                          …..Myzodium mimulicola

-       Head smooth or spiculose. ANT tubercles and median frontal tubercle not both well developed. Cauda not as above                                                                                        …..3

3      ANT tubercles weakly developed. ABD TERG 1 and 7 with marginal tubercles (MTu)       

…..4

-       ANT tubercles well-developed. ABD TERG 1 and 7 without MTu                                …..5

4      R IV+V with 5-9 accessory hairs. SIPH 1.4-1.9 Χ cauda. ANT PT/BASE 1.8-2.3

…..Aphis costalis

-       R IV+V with 2 accessory hairs. SIPH 0.7-0.9 Χ cauda. ANT PT/BASE 1.3-1.7

…..Aphis mimuli

5      Spiracular apertures on pro- and metathorax much larger than those on abdomen (which are partially covered by cowl-like opercula). R IV+V 1.4-3.5 Χ HT II and bearing 8-30 accessory hairs. Longest hairs on ANT III 1.1-1.5 Χ BD III. ANT III with 6-26 rhinaria on thickened basal part                                                                                                                           …..6

-       Thoracic spiracular apertures not much larger than abdominal ones. R IV+V usually shorter and less hairy, and ANT III usually with shorter hairs and fewer or no rhinaria

…..go to key to polyphagous aphids

6      R IV+V 1.8-2.2 Χ HT II. ANT PT/BASE 5.8-6.8                                  ..... Nasonovia alpina

-       R IV+V 3.2-3.5 Χ HT II. ANT PT/BASE 3.9-5.5

.....Nasonovia sp., BMNH collection, California

 

Mimusops                                                                               Sapotaceae

        Mimusops zeyheri                         Aphis (Toxoptera) aurantii

 

Mindium  see Michauxia                                                       Campanulaceae

 

Minuartia                                                    Caryophyllaceae

      Minuartia laricina                        Aphis craccivora; [Staticobium loochooense]

      M. micrantha (?)                          Aphis craccivora

      M. peploides = Honkenya peploides

 

Mirabilis                                                      Nyctaginaceae

      Mirabilis jalapa                             Aphis craccivora, fabae, gossypii, nasturtii, [oenotherae],

                                                                  solanella, spiraecola;

                                                              [Capitophorus hippophaes ssp. javanicus];

                                                              Macrosiphum euphorbiae; Myzus ornatus, persicae;

                                                              Neomyzus circumflexus

        M. multiflora                                           Aphis asclepiadis

        M. nyctaginea (var. angustifolia)       Aphis asclepiadis

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Miscanthus                                                  Poaceae

      Miscanthus japonicus = M. floridulus

        M. floridulus                                 Ceratovacuna lanigera; Melanaphis sorini (?– as sacchari)

        M. Χgiganteus                               Rhopalosiphum maidis; Sipha flava

        M. purpurascens = M. sinensis

        M. sacchariflorus                          Hyalopterus pruni; Melanaphis sorini (?– as sacchari);

                                                              Myzus persicae

        M. sinensis                                    Anoecia corni, fulviabdominalis;

                                                              Brachysiphoniella montana; [Cavariella gilibertiae];

                                                              Ceratovacuna lanigera; Hyalopterus pruni;

                                                              Melanaphis jamatonica, japonica, koreana, montana,

                                                                  pyraria, sorini, yasumatsui;

                                                              Rhopalosiphum maidis; Sipha flava; Sitobion avenae

        M. violaceus                                  Hysteroneura setariae; Pseudaphis sijui; Sitobion graminis

        Miscanthus spp.                           Melanaphis daisenensis, miscanthi, tateyamaensis;

                                                              Pseudoregma alexanderi;

                                                              Sitobion akebiae, miscanthi, [smilacifoliae];

                                                              Tetraneura fusiformis, radicicola

Use key to apterae of grass-feeding aphids under Digitaria.

 

Mitella                                                         Saxifragaceae

        Mitella caulescens                         Macrosiphum tolmiea;

                                                              Nasonovia (Kakimia) sp. (stroyani? - Jensen 2000: 451)

Use key to apterae on Tellima.

 

Mitracarpus                                                          Rubiaceae

      Mitracarpus hirtus                         Aphis gossypii

      M. villosus = M. hirtus

 

Mnesithea  see Hackelochloa                                 Poaceae

      Mnesithea granularis = Hackelochloa granularis

                                               

Mnium                                                                    Mniaceae

      Mnium cuspidatum                      [Schlechtendalia chinensis (imm. sexuparae only)]         

        Mn. hornum                                 Muscaphis escherichi; Pseudacaudella rubida

        Mn. insigne                                   [Clydesmithia canadensis]

        Mn. maximoviczii                         [Schlechtendalia chinensis (imm. sexuparae only)]

        Mn. vesicatum                              [Schlechtendalia chinensis (imm. sexuparae only)]

Use key to apterae of moss-feeding aphids under Polytrichum.

 

Modiola                                                       Malvaceae

      Modiola caroliniana                   Myzus persicae

 

Moehringia                                                  Caryophyllaceae

        Moehringia malyi                       [Aphis frangulae]

        M. trinervia                                 Aphis sambuci; Aulacorthum solani;

                                                            Brachycolus stellariae;

                                                            Macrosiphum euphorbiae, stellariae;

                                                            Myzus certus, persicae

Use key to apterae on Stellaria          

 

Moghania                                                    Leguminosae

      Moghania macrophylla = Flemingia macrophylla                     

 

Mohria                                                         Schizaeaceae

      Mohria lepigera                          Micromyzus sp. (2 oviparae)

 

Molineria                                                     Hypoxidaceae

        Moilineria capitulata                    Pseudoregma sundanica

 

Molinia                                                        Poaceae

      Molinia caerulea                           Anoecia corni; Forda formicaria;

                                                              Hyalopterus amygdali, pruni; Metopolophium dirhodum;

                                                              Rhopalomyzus lonicerae; Sipha glyceriae, maydis;

                                                              Sitobion avenae, fragariae

Use key to apterae of grass-feeding aphids under Digitaria.

 

Mollugo                                                       Molluginaceae

      Mollugo nudicaulis                       Aphis gossypii

        M. pentaphylla                              Aphis craccivora

        M. stricta                                       Aphis craccivora

        M. verticillata                                Aphis spiraecola

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Molopospermum                                         Apiaceae

      Molopospermum cicutarium        Aulacorthum solani; Cavariella aegopodii

      M. peloponesiacum                      Aulacorthum solani; Cavariella aegopodii

Key to apterae on Molopospermum:-

-       ABD TERG 8 with a backwardly-directed finger-like process above cauda. SIPH swollen on distal part. ANT PT/BASE 0.64-1.25                                           …..Cavariella aegopodii

-       No supracaudal process. SIPH without swelling. ANT PT/BASE 4.0-5.5

…..Aulacorthum solani

(or try key to polyphagous aphids)

 

Molucella                                                    Lamiaceae

      Molucella laevis                            Aphis gossypii; Aulacorthum solani;

                                                              [Brevicoryne brassicae]

      M. spinosa                                     Aphis frangulae; Macrosiphum euphorbiae

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Momordica                                                  Cucurbitaceae

      Momordica charantia                   Aphis aurantii, fabae, gossypii, nasturtii, odinae,

                                                                   spiraecola, [umbrella];

                                                              Myzus persicae

        M. cochinchinensis                       Aphis aurantii, gossypii

        M. femea (?)                                  Aphis (Toxoptera) aurantii

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

     

Monarda                                                      Lamiaceae

      Monarda didyma                        Aphis fabae, gossypii; Macrosiphum euphorbiae

        M. fistulosa (incl. vars alba,            Aphis fabae, gossypii, monardae, neomonardae;

                                  menthifolia)          Aulacorthum solani; Hyalomyzus monardae;

                                                            Myzus ornatus; Ovatus crataegarius

        M. punctata                                 Aphis gossypii

        Monarda sp.                               Aphis middletonii, nasturtii;

                                                            [Utamphorophora humboldti]

Key to apterae on Monarda:-

1      ANT PT/BASE less than 1.8. Head with ANT tubercles undeveloped, ABD TERG 1 and 7 with large marginal tubercles (MTu). R IV+V with 4-7 accessory hairs.

…..Aphis neomonardae

-       ANT PT/BASE more than 1.7. If ANT tubercles are undeveloped and ABD TERG 1 and 7 have MTu then R IV+V has only 2 accessory hairs                                                         …..2

2      ANT tubercles well developed with inner faces apically convergent, or bearing apically convergent processes. R IV+V 1.3-1.7 Χ HT II. ANT PT/BASE 3.0-6.0. ANT III without rhinaria. (Al. with secondary rhinaria on ANT IV)                                                          …..3

-       Without that combination of characters, i.e. if ANT tubercles are well developed and apically convergent then R IV+V is less than 1.3 Χ HT II and other characters do not all apply                                                                                …..go to key to polyphagous aphids

        (but note that apterae running to either Aphis gossypii or Aphis nasturtii in this key may be Aphis monardae –see text under this name)

3      SIPH dark and swollen on distal 0.7. ANT and tibiae dark distally. ANT PT/BASE 3.0-3.5

…..Hyalomyzus monardae

-       SIPH pale, tapering/cylindrical. ANT and tibiae pale/dusky. ANT PT/BASE 4.0-6.0

…...Ovatus craegarius

Monardella                                                  Lamiaceae

      Monardella odoratissima             [Aphis sp. nr. agastachyos (A. Jensen, aphidtrek.org)];

                                                              [Illinoia sp. (A. Jensen, aphidtrek.org.)];

                                                              [Macrosiphum sp. (A. Jensen, aphidtrek.org)]                        

 

Mondia (including Chlorocodon)                                   Apocynaceae

      Mondia sp.                                    Aphis nerii

 

Moneses                                                       Ericaceae

      Moneses uniflora                          Aulacorthum pirolacearum (= rufum?)

 

Monnina (= Monina)                                                 Polygalaceae

      Monnina sp.                                 [Uroleucon erigeronense]

 

Monochoria                                                 Pontederiaceae

      Monochoria hastata                     Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae

      M. hastifolia = M. hastata

        M. vaginalis                                  Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae

 

Monotes                                                                                   Dipterocarpaceae

        Monotes caloneurus                     Aphis craccivora, gossypii; [Sitobion sp.]

        M. glaber                                       Aphis gossypii                                                                  

        M. loandensis                                Aphis gossypii

        M. pruinosa                                  Aphis (Toxoptera) aurantii

(Use key to polyphagous aphids.)

 

Montanoa                                                    Compositae

      Montanoa bipinnatifida                Aphis gossypii, nasturtii, spiraecola; Aulacorthum solani;

                                                              [Macrosiphoniella sanborni];

                                                              Myzus ornatus, persicae, [siegesbeckicola];

                                                              [Myzakkaia verbasci]; Sinomegoura citricola;

                                                              [Uroleucon sp. (California, Leonard 1972a, 111)]

         M. grandiflora                             Neomyzus circumflexus;

                                                              Uroleucon ambrosiae ssp. lizerianum

        M. rosei                                         Myzus persicae

        Montanoa sp.                                [Aleurodaphis blumeae]; Uroleucon nigrotuberculatum

Key to apterae on Montanoa:-

1     SIPH dark with a distal zone of reticulation consisting of numerous small polygonal cells

.....2

-      SIPH pale or dark, but if entirely dark then without distal polygonal reticulation

…..go to key to polyphagous aphids

2    R IV+V 0.85-1.1 Χ ANT BASE VI. ABD TERG 2-5 consistently with conical, dusky to dark marginal tubercles (MTu)                                                         .....Uroleucon nigrotuberculatum

-     R IV+V 1.1-1.4 Χ ANT BASE VI. MTu absent                                 …..Uroleucon ambrosiae

 

Montbretia  see Tritonia                                                  Iridaceae

 

Montezuma                                                  Malvaceae

      Montezuma speciosissima            Aphis gossypii

 

Montia see Claytonia                                              Montiaceae

        Montia sibirica = Claytonia sibirica                                          

 

Moraea                                                        Iridaceae

      Moraea papilionacea                    Macrosiphum euphorbiae

        M. robinsoniana = Dietes robinsoniana

(or use key to apterae on Iris)

 

Morella  see Myrica                                                 Myricaceae

     Morella cerifera = Myrica cerifera
  

Moricandia                                                  Brassicaceae

      Moricandia arvensis                     Brevicoryne brassicae

      M. nitens                                       Myzus persicae

Use key to aphids on Isatis.

 

Morina                                                         Morinaceae

      Morina coulteriana                       Aulacorthum solani; Rhopalosiphum staphyleae

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Morinda                                                                  Rubiaceae

      Morinda royoc                              Aphis gossypii

 

 

Moringa                                                                  Moringaceae

      Moringa oleifera                           Aphis aurantii, spiraecola; [?Brachycaudus helichrysi];

                                                              Myzus persicae

      M. pterygosperma = M. oleifera

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Morrenia                                                     Apocynaceae

      Morrenia odorata                         Aphis gossypii; Myzus persicae

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Morus                                Mulberry                    Moraceae

      Morus alba                                    Aphis aurantii, citricidus, craccivora, fabae, gossypii,

                                                                   spiraecola, [Aphis mori Clarke 1903];

                                                              [Brachycaudus helichrysi];

                                                              [Indomasonaphis anaphalidis]; Macrosiphum euphorbiae;

                                                              Myzus persicae

      M. australis = M. nigra

      M. nigra                                        Aphis craccivora, spiraecola

      Morus spp.                                    [Brachyunguis harmalae];

                                                              Myzus ornatus; [Pemphigus sp.]

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Mosla                                                           Lamiaceae

One polyphagous aphid species, Aphis gossypii, is recorded from three Mosla spp.; 

M. dianthera (= M. formosana), M. japonica and M. scabra (= M. punctulata).

 

“Mosses”

See under Polytrichum for a general key to apterae on mosses.

 

Mozartia see Myrcia                                                           Myrtaceae

 

Mucuna (including Stizolobium) Leguminosae

      Mucuna cochinchinensis = M. pruriens

      M. deeringianum = M. pruriens var. utilis

        M. pruriens (incl. var. utilis)           Aphis craccivora, fabae; Myzus persicae

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Muehlenbeckia                                           Polygonaceae

      Muehlenbeckia australis              Aphis cottieri

        M. complexa                                 Aphis cottieri

        Muehlenbeckia spp.                     Aphis aurantii, gossypii, spiraecola; Aulacorthum solani;

                                                              Brachycaudus rumexicolens; Myzus persicae;

                                                              Neomyzus circumflexus

Key to apterae on Muehlenbeckia:-

1      Cauda very broadly rounded, not evident. SIPH short and conical, 0.03-0.04 Χ BL. Abdomen with dark cross-bands on ABD TERG (4-) 5-8    …..Brachycaudus rumexicolens

-       Cauda tongue- or finger-shaped. SIPH longer, more than 0.1 Χ BL. Abdomen without or with different dark markings                                                                                            …..2

2      Head with median frontal process well-developed, scabrous, rounded. Femora black except at bases. SIPH and cauda both black, cauda bearing 8-11 hairs. R IV+V 0.8-1.0 Χ HT II

…..Aphis cottieri

-       Without that combination of characters                         …..go to key to polyphagous aphids

 

Muhlenbergia                                              Poaceae

      Muhlenbergia japonica                Ceratovacuna nekoashi

      M. mexicana                                 Anoecia cornicola; Geoica utricularia;

                                                              Rhopalosiphum maidis

        M. racemosa                                 Anoecia corni

        M. schreberi                                  Hyalopteroides humilis; Prociphilus erigeronensis

        Muhlenbergia sp.                         Schizaphis muhlenbergiae

Use key to apterae of grass-feeding aphids under Digitaria.

 

Mukia                                                          Cucurbitaceae

      Mukia maderaspatana                 Aphis gossypii

 

Mukdenia                                                    Saxifragaceae

      Mukdenia rossii                            Aulacorthum glechomae

 

Mulgedium (including Lagedium)                               Compositae

      M. alpinum = Cicerbita alpina        

        M. macrophyllum = Cicerbita macrophylla

        M. plumieri = Lactuca plumieri

        M. roseum                                     Acyrthosiphon ilka; Uroleucon chondrillae, mulgedii

        M. tataricum                                 Acyrthosiphon ilka, lactucae;

                                                              Aphis astrakhanica, craccivora, fabae, solanella;

                                                              Aulacorthum solani; Brachycaudus helichrysi;

                                                              Hyperomyzus lactucae; Macrosiphum euphorbiae;

                                                              Pemphigus bursarius; [Protaphis carthami];

                                                              Uroleucon formosanum, mulgedii

        Mulgedium sp.                              Uroleucon ambrosiae

Use key to apterae on Lactuca.          

 

Mulinum                                                      Apiaceae

      Mulinum spinosum                      Aphis martinezi, mulini, mulinicola, paravanoi, roberti,

                                                                  vurilocensis;

                                                              Capraphis blackmani; Hyadaphis coriandri

Key to apterae on Mulinum:-

1      Ocular tubercle (triommatidium) not evident                                   …..Capraphis blackmani

-       Ocular tubercle (triommatidium) evident as a projection behind compound eye             …..2

2      Cauda pale/dusky, SIPH pale or dark. Dorsal abdomen without dark sclerotisation anterior to SIPH                                                                                                                             …..3

-       Cauda and SIPH both dark. Dorsal abdomen usually with some dark sclerotisation anterior to SIPH                                                                                                                             …..4

3      SIPH 0.6-0.82 Χ cauda, dark and slightly swollen distally, with a constriction proximal to the well-developed flange. ABD TERG 1 and 7 without marginal tubercles (MTu). Genital plate with 6-13 hairs on posterior part                                                …..Hyadaphis coriandri

-       SIPH 1.0-1.2 Χ cauda, mainly pale, tapering, with no subapical constriction and a small flange. ABD TERG 1 and 7 with large MTu. Genital plate often without any hairs on posterior part                                                                                             …..Aphis paravanoi

4      ABD TERG 1-4 (but not 7) with large dome-like MTu. SIPH at most 0.5 Χ cauda               

                                                                                                                        …..Aphis vurilocensis

-       MTu always present on ABD TERG 1 and 7, rarely with small papilliform tubercles on 2-4. SIPH 0.6-1.5 Χ cauda                                                                                                        …..5

5      Longest hairs on ANT III 5-13 μm, and on ABD TERG 3  4-20 μm long. Dorsal abdomen unsclerotised or with only small sclerotic areas. Cauda triangular              …..Aphis martinez

-       Longest hairs on ANT III 10-35 μm, and on ABD TERG 3 13-40 μm long. Dorsal abdomen with variably developed, often extensive sclerotisation. Cauda finger-like                     …..6

6      Longest hairs on ANT III 10-20 μm, much shorter than BD III, on ABD TERG 3 13-28 μm, and on ABD TERG 8 13-45 μm long. Cauda rather thin, with 4-10 hairs    …..Aphis roberti

-       Longest hairs on ANT III and ABD TERG 3 are 30-35 μm, as long as or longer than BD III, and longest hair on ABD TERG 8 is 50-60 μm long. Cauda with 8-14 hairs                  …..7

7      ANT PT/BASE 1.5-1.8. SIPH more than 4 Χ longer than their width at midlength, and

        1.3-1.5 Χ cauda. Cauda 0.27-0.32 mm long, with 10-14 hairs                        …..Aphis mulini

-       ANT PT/BASE 0.9-1.2. SIPH and cauda both rather short and thick; SIPH less than 3 Χ longer than their width at midlength, and 0.8-1.1 Χ cauda. Cauda 0.17-0.20 mm long, with 8-10 hairs                                                                                                  …..Aphis mulinicola 

 

Mundulea                                                                               Leguminosae

        Mundulea sericea                         Aphis craccivora, gossypii

        M. suberosa                                  Acyrthosiphon pisum

-       Antennal tubercles well developed, smooth, divergent. SIPH mainly pale, broad-based, distally thin and cylindrical                                                          .....Acyrthosiphon pisum

-       Without that combination of characters                         .....go to key to polyphagous aphids

 

Muntingia                                                    Muntingiaceae

      Muntingia calabura                      Aphis gossypii, spiraecola

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Murdannia                                                  Commelinaceae

     Murdannia keisak                          [Rhopalosiphoninus sp. (Moritsu 1983: 315)]

      M. nudiflora                                   Aphis gossypii

 

Muretia                                                        Apiaceae

      Muretia fragrantissima = Galagania fragrantissima

      Muretia transitoria = Elaeosticta transitoria

 

Murraya                                                                  Rutaceae

      Murraya exotica                           Sinomegoura citricola

      M. koenigii                                    Sinomegoura citricola

      M. paniculata                                Aphis aurantii, citricidus, craccivora, gossypii, odinae,

                                                                   spiraecola;

                                                              Myzus persicae; Sinomegoura citricola                                

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Musa                                                            Musaceae

      Musa acuminata                           Aphis fabae; Pentalonia nigronervosa

        M. balbisiana                                Pentalonia nigronervosa 

        M. basjoo                                     Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae; Sinomegoura citricola

        M. cavendishii = M. acuminata

        M. ensete = Ensete ventricosum

        M. formosana                               Pentalonia nigronervosa

        M. nana                                        Pentalonia nigronervosa

        M. Χparadisiaca                            [Acyrthosiphon pisum]; Aphis gossypii;

                                                              Cerataphis brasiliensis; Metopolophium dirhodum;

                                                              Myzus persicae; Pentalonia nigronervosa;

                                                              [Schoutedenia ralumensis]; [Tetraneura nigriabdominalis]

        M. rosacea = M. balbisiana

        M. Χsapientum                              Aphis aurantii, odinae, spiraecola;

                                                              Astegopteryx [nipae], styracophila;

                                                              Cerataphis brasiliensis; Pentalonia nigronervosa;

                                                              Rhopalosiphum enigmae, musae, rufiabdominale

        M. superba = Ensete superbum         Pentalonia nigronervosa

        M. textilis                                       Pentalonia nigronervosa

        Musa spp.                                     Aphis fabae; Brachycaudus helichrysi; Dysaphis tulipae;

                                                              [Pentalonia caladii]; Pseudoregma nicolaiae];

                                                              Rhopalosiphum maidis

Key to apterae on Musa (and Ensete):-

1      Head with a pair of forwardly-directed horns between ANT bases. Eyes 3-faceted. Marginal wax glands evident. SIPH as pores                                                                                    .....2

-       No frontal horns. Eyes multifaceted. No evident wax glands. SIPH tubular                    .....3

2      Body dorso-ventrally flattened, almost circular, wholly sclerotic with a continuous crenulate margin of wax glands. Head fused with 3 thoracic tergites, and ABD TERG 1-7 fused

…..Cerataphis brasiliensis

-       Body not dorso-ventrally flattened, pear-shaped, not sclerotic, with marginal wax glands divided into segmental groups. Head fused with prothorax, other tergites free

…..Astegopteryx styracophila

3      SIPH and femora covered with irregular, transverse rows of spicules. ANT PT/BASE 5.8-8.1. (Alata with dark-bordered wing veins, with radius and costa fused for part of lengths to form a closed cell behind the pterostigma)                                           …..Pentalonia nigronervosa

-       SIPH and femora smooth or imbricated, not markedly spiculose. ANT PT/BASE 1.4-5.8. (Alata with normal wing venation, veins not dark-bordered)                                           …..4

4      Cauda helmet-shaped, a little shorter than its basal width                                                …..5

-       Cauda tongue-shaped, longer than its basal width in dorsal view                                    …..6

5      SIPH pale, smooth, with a marked subapical annular incision. Spiracular apertures large and rounded. Spinal tubercles (STu) absent                                        …..Brachycaudus helichrysi

-       SIPH dark, imbricated, without a subapical incision. Spiracular apertures reniform. Spinal tubercles (STu) present on head and ABD TERG 8, or 7 and 8              …..Dysaphis tulipae

6      Dorsal cuticle with a reticulate pattern of spicules. SIPH cylindrical on basal part, slightly swollen on distal part, with a smooth constricted subapical region                                  …..7

-       Dorsal cuticle without spicules, or with spiculosity localised, not forming a reticulate pattern. SIPH tapering on basal part, and tapering, cylindrical or swollen on distal part, without a smooth constricted subapical region                                                                               …..10

7      ANT PT/BASE less than 3. Body rather elongate                         …..Rhopalosiphum maidis

-       ANT PT/BASE more than 3. Body oval                                                                           …..8

8      ANT usually 5-segmented, with long hairs. ANT PT usually distinctly curved, and longer than ANT III (or III + IV together if ANT is 6-segmented)

…..Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominale

-       ANT 5- or 6-segmented, with short hairs. ANT PT usually straight and shorter than ANT III + IV (or III alone if ANT 5-segmented)                                                                           …..9

9      ANT PT/BASE 3.0-3.9. SIPH less than 3 Χ longer than width at midlength, 1.1-1.6 Χ cauda

…..Rhopalosiphum musae

-       ANT PT/BASE 4.3-5.0. SIPH more than 3 Χ longer than width at midlength, 1.8-2.4 Χ cauda

…..Rhopalosiphum enigmae

10    SIPH black with a distal zone of polygonal reticulation, 2.0-2.2 Χ cauda. Dorsal abdomen with a dark irregular central sclerite. ANT III-VI entirely dark

.....Sitobion sp. on Ensete ventricosum (Ethiopia, BMNH collection, leg. T. Abate)

-       Without that combination of characters                                                                           .....11

11    SIPH pale, tapering/cylindrical, without swelling or subapical polygonal reticulation. ANT III with 1-3 rhinaria near base. Head cuticle smooth with ANT tubercles divergent, and median frontal tubercle evident                                                 …..Metopolophium dirhodum

-       Without that combination of characters                          …..go to key to polyphagous aphids

 

Muscari                                                       Asparagaceae

     Muscari comosum                          Macrosiphum euphorbiae

      Muscari spp.                                   Aphis gossypii; Dysaphis tulipae

Key to apterae on Muscari:-

-       Cauda helmet-shaped, a little shorter than its basal width in dorsal view. Spinal tubercles (STu) present on head and ABD TERG 8, or 7 and 8                             …..Dysaphis tulipae

-       Cauda tongue-shaped, much longer than its basal width. STu absent from head, and rarely on ABD TERG 8                                                            …..go to key to polyphagous aphids

 

Musineon (= Musenium)                                            Apiaceae

      Musineon tenuifolium                  Aphis asclepiadis

 

Mussaenda                                                  Rubiaceae

      Mussaenda arcuata                      Aphis gossypii

        M. frondosa                                  Aphis aurantii, gossypii, odinae

        M. philippica                                 Aphis odinae

        Mussaenda spp.                            Aphis craccivora, spiraecola; Myzus persicae

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Musschia                                                     Campanulaceae

      Musschia isambertoi                    Uroleucon cf. nigrocampanulae (see Aguiar et al. 2013)

 

Mutisia                                                        Compositae

        Mutisia spinosa                             Uroleucon patagonicum                                          

 

Myagrum                                                     Brassicaceae

     Myagrum perfoliatum                    Brevicoryne brassicae

 

Mycelis                                                        Compositae

      Mycelis muralis                           Acyrthosiphon lactucae; Aphis fabae;

                                                            Macrosiphum euphorbiae; Nasonovia ribisnigri;

                                                            Pemphigus bursarius;

                                                            Uroleucon cichorii, murale, [rudbeckiae]

Use key to apterae on Lactuca.

 

Myoporum                                                   Myoporaceae

      Myoporum acuminatum            Aphis gossypii; Myzus persicae

        M. insulare                                  Myzus persicae

        M. laetum                                    Aphis gossypii

        M. “pictum”                                Aphis gossypii, [myopori]

        M. sandwicense                          [Aphis sp. (Hawaii, BMNH collection; specimens in poor

                                                                 condition)]

        M. tenuifolium                            Aphis fabae, gossypii, nasturtii; Aulacorthum solani;

                                                            Macrosiphum euphorbiae; Myzus persicae

        M. tetrandum                              Aphis gossypii, nasturtii; Macrosiphum euphorbiae;

                                                            Myzus persicae

        M. viscosum                                Myzus persicae

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Myosotis                                                      Boraginaceae

      Myosotis alpestris                          Brachycaudus helichrysi, jacobi

        M. alpina                                       Aulacorthum solani

        M. arvensis                                    Aphis fabae; Aulacorthum solani;

                                                              Brachycaudus cardui, helichrysi, jacobi;

                                                              Macrosiphum euphorbiae;

                                                              Myzus ascalonicus, ornatus, persicae

        M. caespitosa                                Brachycaudus helichrysi

        M. collina see M. ramosissima

        M. nemorosa                                 Brachycaudus helichrysi

        M. palustris = M. scorpioides

          M. ramosissima                            Brachycauus helichrysi, jacobi;

                                                              Myzus ascalonicus, myosotidis

        M. scorpioides                               Aphis fabae, gossypii, nasturtii, triglochinis;

                                                              Aulacorthum solani; Brachycaudus bicolor, helichrysi;

                                                              Macrosiphum euphorbiae, gei;

                                                              Myzus ascalonicus, myosotidis, ornatus, persicae

        M. suaveolens = M. alpestris

          M. sylvatica                                   Brachycaudus helichrysi, jacobi; Myzus ornatus, persicae;

                                                              Neomyzus circumflexus

        M. welwitschii                               Brachycaudus helichrysi

        Myosotis sp.                                  [Aphis nigratibialis]; [Aulacorthum solani ssp. orientale];

                                                              [Rhopalomyzus poae]; [Uroleucon erigeronense]

Key to apterae on Myosotis:-

1      Cauda helmet-shaped, a little shorter than its basal width in dorsal view. Spiracular apertures are large and rounded                                                                                                        …..2

-       Cauda tongue- or finger-shaped, much longer than its basal width. Spiracular apertures are small and reniform                                                                                                             …..5

2      Dorsum pale, membranous. SIPH pale, smooth, 0.8-2.0 Χ cauda

......Brachycaudus helichrysi

-       Dorsum with black sclerotisation. SIPH pale or dark, imbricated, 1.7-3.6 Χ cauda         …..3

3      ANT III with 4-11 rhinaria. R IV+V 0.135-0.175 mm. Dorsal shield with a distinct pattern of spinulose imbrications                                                                   …..Brachycaudus jacobi

-       ANT III without rhinaria (except in alatiform specimens). R IV+V (0.175-) 0.18-0.24 mm. Dorsal shield almost smooth or with indistinct imbrications                                            …..4

4      SIPH pale or dusky. Conspicuous flat marginal tubercles (MTu) usually present on all segments from pronotum to ABD TERG 7, and spinal tubercles (STu) on pronotum and ABD TERG 7 and 8                                                                        …..Brachycaudus bicolor

-       SIPH dark. MTu absent or present on ABD TERG 2-4 only, if present then small and inconspicuous, and STu usually absent                                             …..Brachycaudus cardui

5      SIPH with a subapical zone of polygonal reticulation (at least 4-5 rows of closed cells). ANT tubercles well-developed, with inner faces smooth and divergent                                   …..6

-       SIPH without subapical polygonal reticulation. ANT tubercles if well developed then with inner faces steep-sided, and scabrous or spiculose                                                            …..7

6      Longest hair on ABD TERG 8 is 38-63 μm, 0.6-1.4 Χ ANT BD III. Anterior half of subgenital plate usually (77%) with only 2 hairs (18% with 3, 5% with 4-6 hairs)

…..Macrosiphum euphorbiae

-       Longest hair on ABD TERG 8 is 66-106 μm, 1.4-2.0 Χ ANT BD III. Anterior half of subgenital plate with 2-11 hairs, usually (77%) with 4-8 hairs                …..Macrosiphum gei

7      SIPH pale or dark, tapering or cylindrical, or if swollen on distal part then they are less than 0.82 Χ ANT III                                                                                                                  …..8

-       SIPH slightly swollen on distal part and more than 0.83 Χ ANT III                               …..9

8      ANT PT/BASE 1.1-1.8. SIPH 0.7-1.3 Χ cauda                                      …..Aphis triglochinis

-       Without that combination of characters; if ANT PT/BASE less than 1.9 then SIPH more than 1.3 Χ cauda                                                              …..go to key to polyphagous aphids

9      Hairs on inner sides of ANT tubercles mostly pointed, the longest 0.75-1.0 Χ ANT BD III. SIPH 0.84-1.09 Χ ANT III, and 0.17-0.20 Χ BL. (Al. with (0-) 2-5 sec. rhinaria on ANT IV and 0-2 on V)                                                                                         …..Myzus myosotidis

-       Hairs on inner sides of ANT tubercles all short and blunt, the longest 0.3-0.6 Χ BD III. SIPH 1.0-1.6 Χ ANT III, and 0.20-0.28 Χ BL. (Al. without sec. rhinaria on ANT IV or V)

…..Myzus persicae

 

Myosoton (including Malachium)                                 Caryophyllaceae

      Myosoton aquaticum                   Aphis nasturtii; Aulacorthum solani;

                                                              Brachycolus stellariae; Myzus persicae, stellariae;

                                                              [Sitobion akebiae]

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Myosurus                                                     Ranunculaceae

      Myosurus minimus                       Myzus ornatus

 

Myrcia (including Mozartia)                                         Myrtaceae

      Myrcia albescens                        Aphis (Toxoptera) aurantii

        M. jaboticaba = Plinia cauliflora   

        M. splendens                               Aphis (Toxoptera) aurantii

     

Myrciaria                                                     Myrtaceae

      Myrciaria cauliflora = Plinia cauliflora

        Myrciaria sp.                                 Aphis gossypii

 

Myriactis                                                     Compositae

      Myriactis nepalensis                     Aphis gossypii; Protrama longitarsus ssp. sclerodensis;

                                                              [Sitobion rosaeiformis]

        M. wallichii                                   Aphis spiraecola; Protrama longitarsus ssp. sclerodensis

Key to apterae on Myriactis:-

-     Hind tarsi elongate, more than 0.5 Χ hind tibiae. ANT PT/BASE less than 1

…..Protrama longitarsus ssp. sclerodensis

-     Hind tarsi of normal length, not clearly longer than fore or mid tarsi. ANT PT/BASE more than 1                                                                                …..go to key to polyphagous aphids

 

Myriandra                                                    Clusiaceae

      Myriandra prolifica                      Aphis hyperici; Hyalomyzus triangulatus

Use key to apterae on Hypericum.                                       

 

Myrica                                                         Myricaceae

        Myrica aspleniifolia = Comptonia peregrina

        M. californica                               Aphis fabae

        M. cerifera                                    Longistigma caryae; [Macrosiphum salviae];

                                                              Myzus ornatus

        M. faya                                          [Tuberculatus annulatus]

        M. gale (incl. var. tomentosa)           Acyrthosiphon lobkovae, [myricae]; Calaphis myricae;

                                                              Illinoia canadensis; Macrosiphum euphorbiae;

                                                              Myzocallis myricae

        M. nagi                                          Myzus ornatus

        M. rubra                                        Aulacorthum solani; Greenidea myricae;

                                                              Parathoracaphis cheni

        M. tomentosa = M. gale var. tomentosa

Key to aphids on Myrica:-

1      Aptera aleyrodiform; black, strongly sclerotized, with legs and antennae concealed beneath

.....Parathoracaphis cheni

-       Aptera of normal aphid form, with well-developed legs and antennae                            .....2

2      BL more than 4.5 mm. SIPH as large pores on broad dark hairy cones.

        ANT PT/BASE less than 1                                                                   .....Longistigma caryae

-       BL less than 3.5 mm. SIPH tubular or conical. ANT PT/BASE more than 1                 .....3

3      SIPH tubular, with numerous long hairs                                               .....Greenidea myricae

-       SIPH tubular or conical, without hairs                                                                               .....4

4      SIPH in form of short truncated cones. Cauda with a constriction, and anal plate bilobed

.....5

-       SIPH tubular, tapering, cylindrical or swollen on distal half. Cauda finger-like, without a constriction, and anal pale entire                                                                                        .....6

5      (All viviparae are alatae.) ANT shorter than body, with ANT PT/BASE less than 2. Head and thorax with longitudinal black stripes, and abdomen with paired dark segmental patches. Tibiae with similar pigmentation to distal parts of femora                   .....Myzocallis myricae

-       (Apterae or alatae.) ANT longer than body, with ANT PT/BASE more than 2. Dorsum without a pattern of dark markings. Tibiae black, contrasting with paler femora

.....Calaphis myricae

6      SIPH clearly swollen on distal half, with polygonal reticulation distal to swelling          .....7

-       SIPH tapering or cylindrical on distal half, sometimes flared at apex (or, if clearly swollen on distal half then without subapical reticulation)                                                                  .....9

7      First tarsal segments with 5 hairs                                                                .....Illinoia azaleae

-       First tarsal segments with 3 hairs (occasionally with 4, but never 5)                                 .....8

8      SIPH dark over most or whole of length, with a small flange. HT II only 0.07-0.10 mm long

.....Illinoia borealis

-       SIPH pale or dusky, or only dark at apices, with a well-developed flange. HT II 0.10-0.14 mm long                                                                                                  .....Illinoia canadensis

9      ANT III with 3-5 rhinaria on basal part, and ANT PT/BASE less than 4.2. ANT tubercles are well-developed, their inner faces smooth and divergent                                                         

…..Acyrthosiphon lobkovae (or A. myricae?)

-       Without that combination of characters; if ANT III has rhinaria on basal part and ANT tubercles are well-developed with smooth divergent inner faces then ANT PT/BASE is more than 4.5                                                                  …..go to key to polyphagous aphids

 

Myricaria                                                     Tamaricaceae

      Myricaria alopecuroides = M. bracteata                                  

      M. bracteata                                  Aphis ishkovi; [Brachycaudus persicae];

                                                              Brachyunguis harmalae; Eotrama bazarovi;

                                                              Neomariaella lambersi

        M. dahurica                                  Neomariaella lambersi

        M. germanica                               Aphis fabae; Neomariaella lambersi

        M. squamosa                                Neomariaella lambersi

Key to apterae on Myricaria:-

1      BL 5.0-5.5 mm. HT II elongated, c. 0.4 Χ length of hind tibia               .....Eotrama bazarovi

-       BL less than 3 mm. HT II of normal length, less than 0.25 Χ hind tibia                            .....2

2      ANT usually 5-segmented, 0.3-0.4 Χ BL, with ANT PT/BASE 0.9-1.6. SIPH as small, short cones, with an annular subapical constriction and a large flange. Cauda rounded, about half as long as its basal width                                                   …..Neomariaella lambersi

-       Without the above combination of characters                                                     …..3

3     ANT PT/BASE less than 1. SIPH about as long as their basal widths, 0.2-0.6 Χ cauda

       …..Brachyunguis harmalae

-       ANT PT/BASE more than 1. SIPH much longer than their basal widths, longer than cauda

.....4

4      ABD TERG 2-5 as well as 1 and 7 regularly with marginal tubercles (MTu). SIPH thick basally and curved outwards towards the much narrower apex                   .....Aphis ishkovi*

-       MTu only constantly on ABD TERG 1 and 7, sporadically on 2-4. SIPH rather straight and not much thicker at base than apex                                                      .....Aphis fabae

 

Myriocephalus                                            Compositae

      Myriocephalus sp.                        Uroleucon sp. (Israel, BMNH collection)

 

Myriophyllum                                              Haloragidaceae

      Myriophyllum aquaticum             Aulacorthum solani; Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae

        M. spicatum                                  Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae

        M. verticillatum                             Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae

Key to apterae on Myriophyllum:-

-       Dorsal cuticle with a pattern of spinules arranged in polygons, with 1-3 spicules in the centre of each polygon. Head smooth with ANT tubercles weakly developed, SIPH clavate          

…..Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae

-       Dorsal cuticle without spinules arranged in polygons, and other characters not in this combination                                                                     …..go to key to polyphagous aphids

 

Myriopteron                                                Apocynaceae

     Myriopteron extensum                   Aulacorthum myriopteroni

 

Myrrhis                                                        Apiaceae

     Myrrhis odorata                              Aphis fabae; Aulacorthum solani;

                                                              Cavariella aegopodii, archangelicae, konoi;

                                                              Dysaphis crataegi; Macrosiphum gei; Myzus ornatus;

                                                              [Ovatomyzus boraginacearum]

Key to apterae on Myrrhis:-

1      ABD TERG 8 with a posteriorly projecting process above cauda. SIPH clavate            …..2

-       No supracaudal process. SIPH tapering/cylindrical                                                          …..4

2      ANT PT/BASE  0.6-1.3. R IV+V usually without accessory hairs   …..Cavariella aegopodii

-       ANT PT/BASE 1.4-2.0. R IV+V with 2 accessory hairs                                                  …..3

3     Length of supracaudal process at least 1.6 Χ maximum width of swollen part of SIPH. SIPH 0.98-1.10 Χ longer than head width across (and including) eyes, and 6.7-9 Χ their maximum width on swollen part. (Al. with a complete black band on ABD TERG 6)

       .....Cavariella archangelicae

-      Length of supracaudal process less than 1.5 Χ maximum width of swollen part of SIPH. SIPH 0.8-1.0 (-1.07) head width across eyes, and 5-7 Χ their maximum width on swollen part. (Al. with a pair of roundish dark marks on ABD TERG 6)              .....Cavariella konoi

4     Cauda helmet-shaped, a little shorter than its basal width, Spinal tubercles (STu) present on head and ABD TERG 8, or 7 and 8, and marginal tubercles (MTu) on ABD TERG 1-5

…..Dysaphis crataegi

-      Cauda longer than its basal width. STu usually absent, and MTu only ever regularly present on ABD TERG 1 and 7                                                                                                     …..5

5     Head dark with ANT tubercles weakly developed. SIPH and cauda black. ABD TERG 1 and 7 always with marginal tubercles (MTu)                                                   …..Aphis fabae

-      Head pale with ANT tubercles well developed. SIPH and cauda mainly pale. ABD TERG 1 and 7 without MTu            …..go to key to apterae on Chaerophyllum, starting at couplet 13

 

Myrrhoides see Physocaulis                                   Apiaceae

      Myrrhoides nodosa = Physocaulis nodosus

     

Myrsine                                                        Primulaceae

      Myrsine africana                           Aphis (Toxoptera) aurantii, [Aphis sp. (Leonard

                                                                   1972a:102)];

                                                              Aulacorthum solani

       M. avenis = Rapanea avenis              Aphis (Toxoptera) aurantii

       M. guianensis                                Aphis (Toxoptera) aurantii

       M. semiserrata                               Aphis (Toxoptera) aurantii

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Myrtus                                                                                       Myrtaceae

        Myrtus communis                         Aphis aurantii, gossypii, spiraecola;

                                                                       Myzus ornatus, persicae; Neomyzus circumflexus

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

N

Nabalus                                                       Compositae

      Nabalus albus =Prenanthes alba   

        N. trifoliata = Prenanthes trifoliata

 

Najas                                                           Hydrocharitaceae

      Najas microdon = N. guadalupensis

          N. guadalupensis                          Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae

     

Nama                                                           Hydrophyllaceae

      Nama jamaicensis                        Aphis gossypii, middletonii; Myzus persicae

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Nandina                                                       Berberidaceae

      Nandina domestica                       Myzus persicae; Pseudomegoura magnoliae

Use key to polyphagous aphids (or try key to apterae on Berberis).

 

Narcissus                                                     Amaryllidaceae

      Narcissus spp.                              Aulacorthum solani; Macrosiphum euphorbiae;

                                                              Myzus persicae

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

     

Nardus                                                         Poaceae

      Nardus stricta                               Anoecia furcata; Forda formicaria; Geoica utricularia;

                                                              Metopolophium dirhodum, festucae ssp. cerealium,

                                                                  tenerum;

                                                              Paracletus cimiciformis; Pemphigus similis;

                                                              Tetraneura ulmi

        Nardus sp.                                    Atheroides serrulatus

Use key to apterae of grass-feeding aphids under Digitaria.

 

Nassella                                                       Poaceae

      Nassella chilensis                     Rhopalosiphum padi; Schizaphis graminum; Sitobion avenae

Use key to apterae of grass-feeding aphids under Digitaria.

 

Nasturtium                                                  Brassicaceae

      Nasturtium microphyllum          Aphis nasturtii

        N. officinale                                  Aphis craccivora, gossypii, mimuli, nasturtii, triglochinis;

                                                              Brevicoryne brassicae; Lipaphis erysimi, [lepidii];

                                                              Macrosiphum euphorbiae; Myzodium mimulicola;

                                                              Myzus ascalonicus, cerasi, ornatus, persicae;

                                                              Neomyzus circumflexus; Pemphigus sp.;

                                                              Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae

        N. officinale Χ microphyllum       Myzus ascalonicus

        Nasturtium sp.                              [Brevicoryne barbareae of David & Hameed 1975, nec

                                                                   Nevsky]                      

Use key to apterae under Rorippa.

 

Nauclea                                                                                  Rubiaceae

        Neolitsea esculenta                       Aphis gossypii

        N. orientalis                                  Sinomegoura citricola

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Naumbergia  see Lysimachia                                 Primulaceae

 

Nectandra                                                                              Lauraceae

        Nectandra antillana                      Aphis (Toxoptera) aurantii

        N. megapotamica                         Lizerius tuberculatus

        N. membranacea                          Lizerius tuberculatus

        N. pichurim                                  Lizerius pichurim

        N. reticularis                                 Lizerius acunai 

Key to aphids on Nectandra:-

1      ANT PT/BASE more than 3. Anal plate entire, cauda tongue-shaped. Body of aptera without hair-bearing processes                                                  ..... Aphis (Toxoptera) aurantii

-       ANT PT/BASE less than 1. Anal plate bilobed, cauda elongate or oval with an apical knob. Body of apterae with numerous hair-bearing processes                                                     .....2

2      Aptera with 5-segmented antennae and body with long conical dorsal processes. ANT III of alata with 12-18 secondary rhinaria almost in a row                                    .....Lizerius acunai

-       Aptera with 6-segmented antennae and body (where known) with short club-shaped processes (e.g. fig. 63B). ANT III of alata with 8-32 secondary rhinaria                         .....3

3      ANT III of alata with 18-32 secondary rhinaria scattered over segment

.....Lizerius pichurim

-       ANT III of alata with 8-17 secondary rhinaria in a row                    .....Lizerius tuberculatus

(or try key to polyphagous aphids)                                      

 

Neea                                                            Nyctaginaceae

      Neea shaferi                                  Aphis spiraecola

 

Neillia                                                          Rosaceae

        Neillia opulifolia = Opulaster opulifolius

        N. uekii                                         Aphis spiraecola              

        Neillia sp.                                      [Brachymyzus jasmini (oviparae)]

Use key to apterae on Physocarpus.

      

Nelsonia                                                      Acanthaceae

     Nelsonia canescens                        Aphis gossypii

 

Nelumbo  (including Nelumbium)                                 Nelumbonaceae

      Nelumbo lutea                              Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae

        N. nucifera                                    Myzus persicae; Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae

        N. pentapetala                               Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae

        N. speciosa = N. nucifera

Key to apterae on Nelumbo:-

-       Head smooth with ANT tubercles weakly developed. Dorsal cuticle with spicules arranged in polygons                                                                              …..Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae

-       Head spiculose with well-developed, gibbous ANT tubercles. Dorsal cuticle without spicules arranged in polygons                                                                                   …..Myzus persicae

 

Nematanthus (including Hypocyrta)                           Gesneraceae                 

       Nematanthus wettsteinii               Aulacorthum solani

     

Nemesia                                                       Scrophulariaceae

      Nemesia strumosa                        Aphis gossypii; Myzus persicae

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Nemophila                                                   Hydrophyllaceae

      Nemophila menziesii                    Myzus persicae

        Nemophila sp.                              Aulacorthum solani

Use key to polyphagous aphids.

 

Neolamarckia                                              Rubiaceae

      Neolamarckia cadamba               Sinomegoura citricola

 

Neolitsea                                                                 Lauraceae

      Neolitsea sericea                           Machilaphis machili;

                                                              Nipponaphis [coreana], distychii, [distyliicola]

Although only these species are recorded from Neolitsea, it seems probable that it may be colonised by other aphids which occur on Machilus and Litsea. Lists and keys for those plant genera should therefore be consulted.

 

Neomolinia see Diarrhena                                              Poaceae

      Neomolinia mandshurica = Diarrhena mandshurica

 

Neonotonia                                                  Leguminosae

      Neonotonia wightii                       Aphis craccivora; Sitobion nigrinectarium

-     SIPH with a subapical zone of polygonal reticulation. Dorsal abdomen without dark sclerotisation                                                                                 ….. Sitobion nigrinectarium

-     SIPH without subapical polygonal reticulation. Dorsal abdomen with extensive dark sclerotisation                                                                                             …..Aphis craccivora

 

Neopallasia                                                  Compositae

      Neopallasia pectinata                   Macrosiphoniella taesongsanensis

 

Neopieris                                                      Ericaceae

      Neopieris mariana                       Aphis spiraecola

 

Neottia                                                         Orchidaceae

      Neottia ovata                                Aphis fabae; Aulacorthum solani

(or try key to orchid-feeding aphids under Cymbidium)               

 

Neourbania see Ornithidium                                 Orchidaceae

        Neourbania adendrobium = Ornithidium adendrobium

 

 

Nepeta                                                         Lamiaceae                    

        Nepeta cabulica = Lophanthus pinetorum                                  

        N. cataria                                      Aphis coreopsidis, fabae, frangulae, gossypii, nasturtii,

                                                                 nepetae;

                                                              Aulacorthum solani; Eucarazzia elegans; Myzus ornatus;

                                                              Ovatus crataegarius; Rhopalosiphoninus latysiphon

        N. ciliaris                                       [Myzakkaia verbasci]

        N. fissa = N. teucriifolia

        N. formosa                                    Brachycaudus cerasicola; Eucarazzia elegans

        N. glechoma = N. hederacea

        N. grandiflora                               Aulacorthum solani; Ovatus crataegarius

        N. hederacea                                 Aphis [glechomae (nomen dubium)], gossypii;

                                                              [Dysaphis tulipae]

        N. leucophylla = N. ciliaris

        N. manchuriensis                         Aphis clinepetae

        N. mariae                                      Aphis nepetae

        N. micrantha                                Brachycaudus cerasicola

        N. multifida                                   Aphis narzikulovi

        N. mussinii = N. racemosa

        N. nepetella                                   Aphis frangulae, nepetae; Eucarazzia elegans

        N. nuda                                         Aphis gossypii, nasturtii, nepetae, Aphis sp. (Lebanon,

                                                                   BMNH collection);

                                                              Brachycaudus cerasicola

        N. pannonica = N. nuda

        N. racemosa                                  Aphis gossypii

        N. sibirica                                      Aphis nepetae; Klimaszewskia altaica

        N. subsessilis                                 Aulacorthum nepetifolii

        N. teucriifolia                                Eucarazzia elegans

        N. yesoensis                                  Aulacorthum nepetifolii

        Nepeta spp.                                   [Aphis umbrella]; Aulacorthum sclerodorsi(?);

                                                              Myzus persicae

Key to apterae on Nepeta:-

1      Head densely spiculose or nodulose, at least on the ventral surface                                 …..2

-       Head without spicules or nodules                                                                                     …..8

2      SIPH very markedly inflated, with swollen part 3.7-4.8 Χ thicker than the narrow cylindrical basal part, and a narrowly constricted subapical region with polygonal reticulation

…..Rhopalosiphoninus latysiphon

-       SIPH tapering/cylindrical or only weakly swollen                                                            …..3

3      Dorsum almost entirely dark sclerotic. SIPH entirely dark. longest hairs on ANT III 1.0-1.4 Χ BD III. ANT III with 4-14 rhinaria, usually extending onto distal half                              

…..Aulacorthum nepetifolii

-       Dorsum with or without dark markings, but not entirely dark scerotic. SIPH pale, or only dark towards apices. ANT III with 0-5 rhinaria, if present they are only on basal part. Longest hairs on ANT III 0.2-0.8 Χ BD III                                                                      …..4

4      SIPH smooth, cylindrical over most of length with distal c.0.2 narrower; dark subapically, with 1-3 rows of polygonal reticulation. Dorsum with variably developed dark sclerotic markings on thorax and ABD TERG 3-4, and dark postsiphuncular sclerites. ANT VI entirely dark                                                                                 …..Aulacorthum sclerodorsi

-       SIPH imbricated, tapering, cylindrical or slightly clavate, without any clearly defined subapical reticulation. Dorsum pale or with only intersegmental dark markings. ANT VI pale

…..5

5      Dorsum with a pattern of dark intersegmental markings. SIPH coarsely imbricated, with a slight “S” curve. ANT PT/BASE 1.7-2.8                                                     …..Myzus ornatus

-       Dorsum without dark markings. SIPH moderately imbricated. ANT PT/BASE 2.8-7.6 …..6

6      SIPH slightly clavate. R IV+V 0.9-1.0 Χ HT II. ANT 0.7-1.0 Χ BL         …..Myzus persicae

-       SIPH tapering/cylindrical, with no trace of swelling. R IV+V 1.1-1.6 Χ HT II. ANT 1.1-1.5 Χ BL                                                                                                                                  …..7

7      ANT tubercles bearing rounded processes that converge apically. ANT PT/BASE 5.2-7.6. ANT III without rhinaria                                                                    …..Ovatus crataegarius

-       ANT tubercles with inner faces almost parallel, without rounded processes. ANT PT/BASE 4.0-5.5. ANT III almost always with 1-2 rhinaria near base                …..Aulacorthum solani

8      Dorsum with an extensive black sclerotic shield. Spiracular apertures large and rounded

…..Brachycaudus cerasicola

-       Dorsum pale or with scattered dark markings. Spiracular apertures reniform                   ….9

9      SIPH markedly clavate. Secondary rhinaria usually present on ANT IV (-V) as well as III

        …..10

-       SIPH tapering. Secondary rhinaria absent, or only on ANT III                                     …..11

10    Cauda not longer than its basal width. Rhinaria mainly on distal part of ANT III and on IV. Dorsal abdominal hairs not arising from projections                             .....Eucarazzia elegans

-       Cauda c.2 Χ its basal width. Rhinaria evenly distributed over ANT III, IV and V. Dorsal abdominal hairs arising from projections

      .....genus and sp. nr Hyperomyzus (Neonasonovia) (Afghanistan, BMNH collection)

11    ANT tubercles well-developed, divergent. R IV with 16-24 accessory hairs. Marginal tubercles (MTu) present on ABD TERG 2-5, but not on 1 and 7. ANT III with 3-12 secondary rhinaria                                                                          …..Klimaszewskia altaica*

-       ANT tubercles weakly developed. R IV usually with 2 accessory hairs. ABD TERG 1 and 7 with MTu. ANT III usually without rhinaria                                                                  …..12

12    SIPH pale, or only dark towards apices                                                       …..Aphis nasturtii

-       SIPH entirely dusky/dark, or sometimes paler on basal part in small specimens            …..13

13    SIPH 0.24-0.40 Χ BL.  ANT III (except base) and ANT IV-VI dark, contrasting with very pale head, ANT I, II and base of III                                                       …..Aphis coreopsidis

-       SIPH less than 0.24 Χ BL. ANT III(-V) mainly pale, paler than ANT I-II                    …..14

14    Cauda dark with 11-24 hairs. Dorsal abdomen usually with dark cross-bands on ABD TERG 7 and 8 and some dark markings anterior to SIPH. Longest hairs on ANT III 0.8-3.4 Χ BD III

…..Aphis fabae

-       Cauda pale or dark with 4-8 hairs. Dorsal abdomen usually without dark markings, sometimes with a cross-band on ABD TERG 8 only. Longest hair on ANT III 0.4-1.0 Χ BD III  …..15

15    SIPH and cauda similarly dark. R IV+V 1.35-1.9 Χ HT II. ANT PT/BASE 1.6-2.5     …..16

-       SIPH dark, usually distinctly darker than the pale or dusky cauda. R IV+V 1.1-1.5 Χ HT II. ANT PT/BASE 2.0-3.0                                                                                                   …..17

16    R IV+V 1.5-1.9 Χ HT II. Longest hairs on ANT III 0.5-1.0 Χ BD III. (Al. with secondary rhinaria distributed III 9-18, IV 2-6, V 0-2)                                           …..Aphis clinepetae*

-       R IV+V 1.35-1.55 Χ HT II. Longest hairs on ANT III 0.4-0.5 Χ BD III. (Al. with secondary rhinaria distributed III 4-7, IV 0-4, V 0-3)                                            …..Aphis narzikulovi*

17    (Al. with sec. rhinaria present on ANT IV (-V); distributed III 11-30, IV 3-12, V 0-6) .....18

-       (Al. usually with sec. rhinaria distributed III 3-13, IV 0(-3), V 0)                                 …..19

18    ANT PT 2.1-2.6 Χ R IV+V. (Al. with rhinaria distributed III 11-14, IV 3-7, V 0-4)

…..Aphis frangulae (part - see text)

-       ANT PT 1.4-1.7(-2.0) Χ R IV+V. (Al. with rhinaria distributed III 22-30, IV 6-12, V 2-6)

…..Aphis sp. (Lebanon, BMNH collection, leg. D. Hille Ris Lambers)

19    (Al with rhinaria distributed III 3-13, IV 0-5, V 0)      …..Aphis frangulae (part) or gossypii  

-       (Al. with rhinaria distributed III 4-7, IV 0, V 0)                                         …..Aphis nepetae

 

Nephelium                                                                             Sapindaceae

      Nephelium lappaceum             Aphis (Toxoptera) aurantii; Cervaphis rappardi

      N. litchi = Litchi chinensis

-      Dorsum with very long branched marginal hair-bearing processes      .....Cervaphis rappardi

-      Dorsum without such processes                                                ..... Aphis (Toxoptera) aurantii

 

 

Nephrodium                                                Dryopteridaceae

      Nephrodium molle = Christella dentata                            

      Nephrodium sp.                            Idiopterus nephrelepidis

(or try key to fern-feeding aphids)

     

Nephrolepis                                                 Davalliaceae

      Nephrolepis cordifolia                  Macrosiphum walkeri

        N. biserrata                                   Idiopterus nephrelepidis

        N. davallioides (?)                         Idiopterus nephrelepidis

        N. exaltata                                     Aulacorthum solani; Idiopterus nephrelepidis;

                                                              Macrosiphum walkeri

        N. pectinata                                   Idiopterus nephrelepidis

        N. ?undulata                                 Micromyzella pterisoides

        Nephrolepis sp.                             Micromyzodium filicium; Neomyzus circumflexus

Use key to fern-feeding aphids under Polypodium.

      

Nerium                                                        Apocynaceae

      Nerium indicum = N. oleander

      N. odoratum = N. oleander

        N. odorum = N. oleander

        N. oleander                                   Aphis asclepiadis, aurantii, fabae, gossypii, nerii,

                                                                  solanella, spiraecola;

                                                              Aulacorthum solani; Macrosiphum euphorbiae;

                                                              Myzus persicae; Neomyzus circumflexus

Use key to apterae on Asclepias.

 

Neslia